Madame de Pompadour (December 29, 1721–April 15, 1764) was a French noblewoman and one of Louis XV’s primary mistresses. Beautiful and smart Madame de Pompadour became a trendsetter. At the ball, Louis publicly unmasked and declared his affection for Jeanne Antoinette. In 1740, Jeanne Antoinette married Charles Guillaume Le Normant d'Étiolles, the nephew of her guardian Tournehem. A pompadour is a hairstyle that features a high, rounded slope, and is created by combing the hair under itself to create volume. Jeanne Antoinette was determined to catch the eye of the king and used his hunt in the forest of Senart to do so. The education was excellent, and she proved to be a popular student. Rumors have it that her biological father was, in fact, the tax collector Le Normant de Tournehem who would later become her and her brother Abel Francois’s legal guardian after their father Poisson was forced to leave the country due to a scandal over unpaid debts which was a crime punishable by death at the time. See more ideas about madame pompadour, pompadour, 18th century fashion. Sèvres Porcelain outlasted Madame de Pompadour and Louis XV. She supported the First Treaty of Versailles, which created an alliance between former rivals France and Austria, and rallied support behind government ministers whose fiscal reforms helped France become one of the world’s wealthiest countries. However, she became ill and returned home four years later. Enamored king publicly declared his affection for Jeanne Antoinette and unmasked himself before all of the court and the royal family. She had to memorize entire plays by heart, dance, sing, paint, engrave and play the clavichord. Despite her residence in Versailles, Pompadour was given a formal entry at the court in the autumn of 1745 when she was introduced by the Princess de Conti, Louis XV cousin. Because of her influence on French society and her unusual advisory role to the king, the Madame de Pompadour's legacy has endured in pop culture, from the publication of biographies to an episode of Doctor Who to the naming of a particular diamond cut. However, it became popular once more as part of the look called the Gibson Girl, in the 1890s, an independent woman that relied on her talents and intelligence as well as her looks. In 1764, she suffered from tuberculosis, and Louis himself cared for her during her illness. When Jeanne Antoinette was a young girl, her mother took her to a fortune-teller Madame de Lebon who allegedly foretold that the girl “would one day reign over the heart of a king.”. This led to the Seven Year’s War with France, Austria and Russia pitted against Britain and Prussia. François Boucher, Madame de Pompadour, 1756, Alte Pinakothek, Munich. SPEAKER 1: We're looking at Francois Boucher's The Marquise de Pompadour. Upon their marriage, Tournehem made Charles his sole heir and gave Jeanne Antoinette an estate (one situated near the royal hunting grounds) as a wedding gift. Like many girls from families of means, Jeanne Antoinette was sent to be educated at a convent when she reached the age of five. She made popular the pom-poms which she wore arranged in rows across the front and top of the head. Introduced in the Court by well-placed connections, she caught the King's eye and soon became his official mistress. When Jeanne Antoinette was four, Francois Poisson had to leave the country due to unpaid debts, and Tournehem became her legal guardian, thus giving even more credence to the rumors that he was her real father. When Boucher painted this portrait in 1756, Madame de Pompadour was at the pinnacle of court life. It was destiny that Jeanne Antoinette Poisson became a chief mistress to the king Louis XV: when she was small, a fortune teller prophesied that she would one day win the heart of the king. She also played a key role in making Paris the capital of taste and culture. At 19, the beautiful Jeanne-Antoinette entered into a marriage of convenience with de Tourenhem’s nephew Charles-Guillaume Le Normant d’Etiolles. The king did not take a new official “favorite,” but instead installed a succession of temporary mistresses at a chateau away from court. To get the king’s attention, however, she rode directly in front of his group—not once, but twice. The King nursed her through her illness. Private guided train or car visits of the lavish chateaux and vast domains outside of Paris. He put all of his skill to the task, and invented a shade named “Rose Pompadour,” striking for its beauty. Jeanne Antoinette promised she would never be unfaithful—except for the king. The king took notice and sent her a gift of venison from the hunt. François Boucher, Madame de Pompadour, 1756, Alte Pinakothek, Munich. If you’re a vintage man living in the modern world, go full rockabilly by sporting a classic men’s pompadour haircut.… The fact that she was a friend and confidant of the king gave Madame de Pompadour huge influence at court. In fact, some historians consider her an actual collaborator on many works. Amanda Prahl is a playwright, lyricist, freelance writer, and university instructor. Beautiful and smart Madame de Pompadour became a trendsetter. Madame de Pompadour was more than just a mistress. The young couple were only four years apart in age, and they did fall in love with each other. Jeanne Antoinette was the daughter of Francois Poisson and his wife Madeline de la Motte. By 1744, Jeanne Antoinette's name was being mentioned at court, attracting the attention of Louis XV. Jeanne Antoinette tried to befriend the queen on their first meeting and the queen accepted the friendship of a charming and witty mistress. Louis XIV great-grandson became the King of France at the age of five. Pompadour knew of the women who occupied the house (which was not a harem as often described but it housed one woman at a time) and accepted it as a necessity and a favorable alternative to a rival at court. In fact, the period of her greatest influence over him was the decade after they had ceased to be lovers. She had a lot of… She became the only person whom Louis trusted, the only one who could amuse him and captivate him. She was soon replaced by Madame d’Étioles, who obtained a legal separation from her husband and was created marquise de Pompadour. Madame d’Étioles became a shining star of Parisian society and was admired by the king himself. Madame de Pompadour was the long-standing mistress of King Louis XV of France. The Beginning: Madame de Pompadour, the royal mistress to Louis XV, held a considerable amount of power in the height of the 18th century. She later became the duchess and lady-in-waiting to the queenwhich was the noblest rank possible for a woman at court. This all ended when Chateauroux, formerly known as Marie Anne de Mailly-Nesle, youngest of the five famous de Nesle sisters, four of whom became mistresses of the king, died on December 1744. He was married to Queen Marie Leszczynska, daughter of King Stanislaw of Poland. Error: There is no connected account for the user 329240069 Feed will not update. There is also a long-standing legend that the shape of the French champagne glass, known as the coupe, was originally modeled after the size and shape of Pompadour’s breast. She encountered many of the figures of the Enlightenment and, in time, began hosting her own salons at her Étiolles estate, which also attracted many leading figures of the day. Madame de Pompadour's face has been carved into two stone sphinxes. Three years in a row our Paris private tours are the proud winners of tripadvisor certificate of excellence. She had his heart until the very end. Detail. “Reinette” (little queen) as Jeanne Antoinette was called, was being groomed to become the mistress of Louis XV and was taught dancing, drawing, painting, engraving, theatre, the arts and the ability to memorize entire plays and how to play the clavichord – all of which would come handy when entertaining the restless and easily bored king years later. Thanks to her growing popularity in Paris salons, King Louis XV heard rumors of her intelligence, talents and beauty long before the couple first met. She was also the only one able to help Louis through his depressive moods and melancholy by putting on private productions at Versailles where she performed as the female lead, setting up hunts and grand dinner parties… She would also dress up as a peasant to amuse Louis and had portraits of herself painted to remind the king of her beauty. Presenting different eras, styles and visions of Paris via our signature walking or car private theme tours. This is how Jeanne-Antoinette became Madame de Pompadour. Detail. The King was so enchanted by her that he reportedly commissioned the “marquise cut” diamond to be shaped after his mistress’s sensuous lips and commissioned his court jewelers to create an item set with diamonds as a present. I would not be so calm if I saw some pretty woman of the court or the capital trying to conquer it,” she said. He was known for his sexual voracity – he reportedly had more than 100 mistresses – and unflattering melancholy. 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