Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The Wampanoag tribe members lived in houses known as wetus. "In 1600 the Wampanoag probably were as many as 12,000 with 40 villages divided roughly between 8,000 on the mainland and another 4,000 on the off-shore islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. How many people slept in the cottages and wetus? The men lived with their families in the houses and were responsible for providing for and protecting the families. Women wore knee-length skirts while men used breechcloths with leggings. Some houses had a storage space above the first floor, called a loft. Then they fastened them in layers to the roof. In her writings she used the word "wigwam" in reference to the homes she stayed in. Wetu’s have cattail mats or bark on the out side and bulrush mats on the inside. Plymouth, MA 02360 Shop local at our Plimoth Patuxet Museum Shop (137 Warren Avenue) seven days a week, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. through December 23 and until noon on December 24 -  or online at www.plimoth.com! Dwellings were the hub of family life, providing protection from the elements as well as space for work, recreation and storage. With the coming of cold weather, people returned to the protection of inland villages. Then they fit these pieces together so that they became a frame. Wampanoag housing. The multi-family dwellings could house 40-50 people – usually four or fewer related families. The word is a Lenape term for "Easterners" or literally "People of the Dawn", and based on information provided by the people whom Block encountered in the lower Hudson Valley.. They used axes to chop and trim the trees from round to square. The Wampanoag tribes lived in "wetus" (the Wampanoag word for wigwams). The word is a Lenape term for "Easterners" or literally "People of the Dawn", and based on information provided by the people whom Block encountered in the lower Hudson Valley.. The word 'wetu' means "house" in the Wampanoag language. long rectangular houses made out of wood and bark. As a result, Mayflower didn't arrive in Plymouth until December. In the spring, the Wampanoag gathered saplings (young trees) to build frames for the houses. Log in here for access. They provided shelter, sometimes seasonal or temporary, for families near the wooded coast for hunting and fishing. Wampanoag men were hunters, fishermen, and sometimes warriors. Marcus Hendricks is a Native American professional that creates and distributes handmade Wampum jewelry. The frame of a small house required about 40 saplings, while a large house might take up to 200. The colonists did their cooking, eating, and sleeping, as well as other work, in this room. The word 'Wetu' means "house" in the Wampanoag language. There was a fire hole in the middle of the ceiling to let the smoke from the fire escape. If you had been a Wampanoag, you would have lived in a bark-covered house called a nush wetu and worn a shawl called a mantle in the cold winter months. What is the difference between a wetu and a wigwam ?A Puritan woman who was taken captive during King Philip's War (1675) wrote a short book about her time with the Native people. Today, it continues in use, even though it is erroneous. How long did it take to make your houses? Wetus were used during the summer and warmer seasons. You'll see different kinds of homes including a mat-covered wetu, the Wampanoag word for house, and a longer, bark-covered house or nush wetu, meaning a house with three fire pits inside. They dried the reeds in the sun, and when they were ready, sewed the cattails into large, double-sided mats. Most of their houses only had one room. Wetu’s are small round houses that have a fire pit in the middle. Much like a "hogan" is the Navajo/Dine word for home and Tipi is the Lakota/Dakota word for home and the list continues. The wetus were small homes made of wooden frames made from saplings and then covered with sheets of elm bark. Some of the winter Wampanoag villages were fortified and consisted of long, multi-family residences, called longhouses. They had only a few small windows that closed with a wooden shutter. The unprecedented exhibit, “Our”Story: 400 Years of Wampanoag History, reveals little-known historic and cultural realities of the “people of the first light.” The Wampanoag have lived in southeastern Massachusetts for more than 12,000 years. Another home that the Wampanoag lived in was the longhouse. The first thing the Wampanoag did was they lived in different houses. You can have that house – if you build it first! The Wampanoag Indians would wear special ornaments and clothes for special ceremonies. Nov 15, 2017 - Explore Anna Pigg's board "Wampanoag Unit" on Pinterest. See more ideas about crafts for kids, wampanoag, native american crafts. The Wampanoag are a Native American people of New England . Wampanoag houses were built in a round shape because that is best to heat or cool a house evenly. See more ideas about native american projects, … Wampanoag Wigwam or Wetu Wigwams, or wetuash (plural of wetu) are temporary shelters. The House … There was a fire hole in the middle of the ceiling to let the smoke from the fire escape. Members of the Algonquian language family, the Massachuset cultivated corn (maize) and other vegetables, gathered wild plants, and hunted and fished. Today, the Wampanoag community of Gay Head (Aquinnah) and Mashpee Wampanoag group are the two federally recognized nations. The traditional house of the Wampanoag are wetus which are sometimes called wigwams. You are weak and tired from seasickness and need a warm house on dry land. Plimoth Plantation is a not-for-profit 501 (c)3 organization, supported Wampanoag Indian Fact Sheet (Massachusett) Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Wampanoag tribe for school or home-schooling reports. The men prepared the saplings by peeling off their bark; the bark was then split andused to secure the frame of the house. In the 1600s, both Wampanoag men and women took part in the building and making of a home. Both Wampanoag men and women wore deerskin mantles during winter. The Wampum is made from a cultural seafood called Quahog or hard-shell clam. 137 Warren Avenue dug-out canoe. The traditional house of the Wampanoag are wetus which are sometimes called wigwams. Wampanoag houses had a hole built into the very top of the house. The houses were usually 50-60 feet long, but they could be as long as 100 feet. The fire from the hearth provided heat during the winter months and light at night. The men went to the woods and cut down trees. Randy:A spring, summer, and fall home could be put up in one day! When they went to gather what they needed from the Earth to build their homes, they connected with Mother Earth and gave thanks for what they gathered. They pushed the daub into the wattle until it filled the wall and made a smooth surface on the inside. The colonists had thatched roofs on their houses to keep out the sun, wind and rain. References Because of the popularity and notoriety of her book, the word wigwam became the generic term for any "Indian house" regardless of the Nation or Tribe being referred to. This hole allowed the smoke of the indoor fire to escape. This gave shape and strength to the house. Massachuset, North American Indian tribe that in the 17th century may have numbered 3,000 individuals living in more than 20 villages distributed along what is now the Massachusetts coast. Nov 5, 2014 - Explore Jenny Robertson's board "Wampanoag Indians", followed by 123 people on Pinterest. It usually took about two or three months to make a house, from framing it, to covering it with clapboards, to making the wattle and daub, and finally thatching the roof. The town began to grow, and the colonists finally had the shelter they needed. Instead, the Wampanoag lived in small houses, or huts, called weetu. He also uses authentic Native recipes for cooking fresh, stuffed Quahogs. Winter homes would be up to 80 feet wide and 100 feet long. They took clay, earth and grasses and mixed them together with water to make a mortar called daub. They also wove big mats of reeds to line the inside of their houses. The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe's reservation will be disestablished and their land taken out of trust, per an order from the secretary of the interior. The clapboards were then nailed together over the frame of the house. This smooth surface resembles the plaster on the walls in some modern homes. The houses were called wetus. The Wampum is made from a cultural seafood called Quahog or hard-shell clam. Along the Atlantic coast, the native people made houses by covering frames made of branches with dried reeds which were thatched or sewn together. Wrestling: The first houses took a couple of months, but that was with all of the men working on them together. When the houses were finished, they were not very large. Marcus Hendricks is a Native American professional that creates and distributes handmade Wampum jewelry. Wampanoag housing. Inside both the wetu and nush wetu are bullrush mat wall coverings. It took almost two months for Mayflower to finally leave England on September 5, 1620. See more ideas about wampanoag, wampanoag indians, american indians. Mar 17, 2014 - Explore Michelle Allgaier O'Rourke's board "Longhouse project", followed by 233 people on Pinterest. Complimentary Passes, special events, and more! He also uses authentic Native recipes for cooking fresh, stuffed Quahogs. Variations of this dish are still made in Wampanoag households in New England today. These houses are called wigwams or wetus. The bladder of the deer was used as a pouch, the tendons for thread and the bones were used for sewing needles and fish hooks. Food is cooked over an open fire using only the ingredients that were available in the 1600s. Plimoth Plantation They have discovered that the homes are as comfortable as our modern homes. The colonists did not plan to arrive in Plymouth so late in the year. To make the walls of the house, the colonists built a framework of small sticks called wattle within the house frame. What is the difference between a wetu and a wigwam . They also wove big mats of reeds to line the inside of their houses. Copyright 2013, Paula Bidwell and Lea Gerlach. The unprecedented exhibit, “Our”Story: 400 Years of Wampanoag History, reveals little-known historic and cultural realities of the “people of the first light.” The Wampanoag have lived in southeastern Massachusetts for more than 12,000 years. These spaces were used to store food and other goods, like dried herbs from the garden, bundles of corn from the fields, or even beds. Wampanoag houses are made of wood, usually birch bark wood. The weetu were houses made out of deer hide, tree branches, and other animal furs (such as rabbit). The three epidemics which swept across New England and the Canadian Maritimes between… There were many delays. (Write out the word weetu on the dry erase board and pronounce it with the class.) Together so that they became a frame – usually four or fewer related families by peeling their. 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