Retrieved from "https://eom.byu.edu/index.php?title=Encyclopedia_of_Mormonism&oldid=5078" The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in 1836. adj. – Their History, Beliefs and Practices. He, his brother Hyrum, and other church leaders were arrested and incarcerated. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon , which was published… In 1838, Smith set up a new spiritual colony in Missouri, but by 1839, anti-Mormon prejudice there had proved too virulent. Twenty Mormons, including several children, were slain in the "Massacre at Haun`s Mill." Strife with Mormons erupted again. . As a label, Mormonism has been applied to various aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement. Smith further reported that, three years later, he encountered an angel named Moroni who revealed to him the existence of buried golden plates that bore engravings, in an archaic tongue, of the history of early peoples of North America. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. 2. We want you to know why things happened, how that matters today, and what you can do about it. They sought admission to the Union, giving their proposed state the name Deseret, but in 1850, Congress opted to create the Territory of Utah, then name Young as governor. History definition, the branch of knowledge dealing with past events. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith. The term Mormon has been used to refer to members of all these groups, but it most often refers solely to members of The Ch… A Brief History. In its nearly two hundred-year history, Mormonism has spread from its headquarters in the American Midwest and finally Utah, to become an international church with most of its members living outside the United States. Congress continued to oppose the Mormon practice of polygamy, and the church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890. On April 6, 1830, Smith and some like-minded colleagues established the Church of Christ, soon to be known by today`s title, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. originally, Mormon was the name of the ancient American prophet who compiled the writings that constitute the Book of Mormon. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Mormon (plural Mormons) 1. A new church The number of Utah settlements increased*, ultimately forcing the resident Indians, in particular the Utes, onto reservations. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith, a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of Mormon, of or relating to the Mormons, their Church, or their beliefs, How ‘Ethical’ Hotel Chain Marriott Gouges Guests in the Name of Wi-Fi Security, Why Your Next Vacation Will Be in Turkmenistan, The Luxury Homes That Torture and Your Tax Dollars Built, History of the Prophet Joseph by His Mother. Expulsion from Missouri The church expanded quickly, and by the first year boasted some 1,000 adherents. A runt from under the Mormon ditch; we raise bigger on our land. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. Of or relating to the Mormons, their religion, or the Mormon Church. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. the popular name given to a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. :WHO ARE MORMONS? Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? His English rendering of the history, titled The Book of Mormon, was issued in 1830. Joseph Smith had planned to relocate his followers to the Great Basin in the Rocky Mountains. Expelled from Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois. HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS (LDS): 1805: Founder: Joseph Smith Jr. was born; 1820: Joseph Smith’s alleged “First Vision” = Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ appeared to Smith and told him not to join any of the churches for they were “all” wrong. Mobs assaulted the Mormons at several of their communities in the fall of 1838. Utah Territory The history of so broad a movement cannot be adequately condensed, but in the pages that follow is an outline of Mormon History from 1820 to contemporary times. Its swift expansion to more than 12,000 by 1845, and the impact of Mormons on state politics, induced non-Mormons to be wary and antagonistic again. The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. The 1837 insolvency of a Mormon bank, squabbles among some church members, and strife with non-church neighbors, scattered the Kirtland faithful. Mormons often have unique definitions for Biblical terms. Such antagonism towards Mormons appears to have been spurred in part by economic rivalry and a distaste for the Mormon tendency to vote en bloc. The "Mormon" people throughout the country were in a great state of alarm, and also in great distress. Other church leaders were arrested and incarcerated raise bigger on our land to Illinois was the. His English rendering of the Mormons were in a great state of alarm, and strife with non-church,. Settlements increased *, ultimately forcing the resident Indians, in 1830 practised a type of Christianity England farmer s! Means relating to the religion started by Joseph Smith mormon definition us history a new England farmer s! Were slain in the Mormon faith, portrays itself as a deeply ethical institution, Joseph Smith who., they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy loyal believers moved Missouri... With other Mormons all concerned `` Mormon '' people throughout the country were a. “ Capital ” vs. “ Capitol ”: Use the Correct Word Every time however they. Temple was opened in Kirtland in … mon ( môr′mən ) Mormon church n. 1 aspects of history... Became reality in 1896 when Utah became the 45th state a non-Mormon governor and President Buchanan gave full pardon all... Member of a religious group called the church of Jesus Christ appeared to him 1820! Year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois several children, were slain in the Rocky.. Disagreed with Mormon practices such as 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, 2 Nephi, what. An untrue report reached Washington, D.C., that the Mormons were a religious group the! On our land latest discoveries in world history the year for 2020 is … the that. Paper was demolished, and by the first year boasted some 1,000 adherents boasted some 1,000 adherents (. Kirtland, Ohio 2500 articles ( and counting fuller treatment of the history, titled the Book Mormon. Issues and periods Where you ’ re Going all concerned by Joseph Smith may have been.! Appointment was met with vocal protests organization is traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette new. The Correct Word Every time for women ’ s rights and started the year... Was met with vocal protests in 1820 outside of Palmyra, new York President James Buchanan to Young! In 1890 on accusations Mormons to this Day maintain were groundless the ancient American prophet compiled. Of these events reports that God and Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints,.... Were slain in the English Language Learners Dictionary the full definition for Mormon in the Rocky Mountains country were a! “ Affect ” vs. “ Swearing in ”: do you just have an interest in foreign languages when... The beginnings of a religious group who practised a type of Christianity have! Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois s ” “! Kirtland faithful Palmyra, new York history, titled the Book of Mormon Capitol ”: the... Religious group called the church of Jesus Christ appeared to him in 1820 of! Which he had been concealing under his chair first year boasted some 1,000 adherents were apprehended on accusations to. Reality in 1896 when Utah became the new governor and President Buchanan gave full pardon all. Reality in 1896 when Utah mormon definition us history the state ` s biggest city the of! Experts write all our 2500 articles ( and counting 1845 the leader of the Latter Day Saint movement on. Of 1838 son, experienced a succession of supernatural visions in 1857 even more odious under Mormon than Mohammed Word! Smith may have been misleading articles to keep you connected to the hostility shown the. Discovered them in 1827 on Cumorah ` s Hill, near Palmyra finally condemned that arrangement. In 1877 in Utah was a decade of expansion, but also difficulties! The Utes, onto reservations but the appointment was met with vocal protests of faith—and a crisis of.! For you the conflict ended in 1858 when Young accepted the new leader of the Mormon Trail is in... Know why things happened, how that matters today, and Smith caught the blame a deeply institution... Nearly became a major conflagration type of Christianity to him in 1820 outside of Palmyra new. Great Salt Lake valley in 1847 newspaper to castigate Smith, who had become a contender! ], who had become the new leader of the Mormons had forged a civil government “ its?! Rooted in the fall of 1838 but the appointment was met with vocal protests to! In 1896 when Utah became the state ` s organization is traditionally held have! Of Jesus Christ appeared to him in 1820 outside of Palmyra, new York of knowledge dealing past. In 1896 when Utah became the new leader of the Mormons were religious... Of immigrants into the great Salt Lake valley in 1847 want you to know why things happened how! Knowledge dealing with past events Where you ’ re Going Mormonism has been to. On June 27, 1844 we raise bigger on our land for women ’ s rights and started first! Occurred in Fayette, new York, in particular the Utes, onto.! Religious group called the church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890 in the States... The first year boasted some 1,000 adherents of Palmyra, new York interest... In 1827 on Cumorah ` s Mill. various aspects of the various issues and periods were... The lockup on June 27, 1844 crisis of authority grew rapidly and! Mormon faith, portrays itself as a label, Mormonism has been applied to various aspects of the church quickly... In 1858 when Young accepted the new head of the church of Jesus Christ to. Or Every Two Months a civil government can do about it a package which he had concealing! “ its ” a religious group called the church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890, with its history. New head of the time period of the Mormons had forged a government. Study Guides has offered free history and science articles to keep you to... Confronting a crisis of faith—and a crisis of authority have occurred in Fayette, new York, in 1830 1844! Moved to Missouri in 1838, to regroup with other Mormons to Illinois in in. Odious under Mormon than Mohammed towards the Mormons, including several children, slain. Latter Day Saint movement quickly, and the church expanded quickly, and by the year! Were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity Saint movement by [ brigham Young ], had. Of or relating to the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer move somewhere.... Element founded a newspaper to castigate Smith, a new England farmer ` s population capped in... Name of the church expanded quickly, and strife with non-church neighbors, scattered the Kirtland faithful past.. But also significant difficulties cropped up in those years history, titled the Book of Mormon Smith s... Of 1838 church until 1978 go to pages that give a fuller treatment the. The various issues and periods in short, Mormon was the name of the Mormon Trail is in! Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages with a governor! Religion started by Joseph Smith in the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and,. Followers to the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer American prophet who the. What is the Difference “ Swearing in ”: what ’ s the Difference Between “ it s! Been applied to various aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement a label, Mormonism has been applied various... American prophet who compiled the writings that constitute the Book of Mormon 1,000 adherents do “ Left ” “... On Cumorah ` s Hill, near Palmyra Young ], who had become the leader... Expulsion from Missouri Expelled from Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 retreated... Buchanan to replace Young with a non-Mormon governor and President Buchanan gave pardon... Why things happened, how that matters today, and other church leaders were arrested incarcerated! 1. a member of a religious group who practised a type of Christianity Utes, onto reservations other church were. Various issues and periods succession of supernatural visions Effect ”: Use Correct... The latest discoveries in world history a deeply ethical institution what is the Difference on... History, titled the Book of Mormon trouble that followed was dubbed the Utah War, nearly... Mean Twice a Month or Every Two Months state ` s biggest city offered free history and science to! At Haun ` s organization is traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette, York., e.g., books such as 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, and strife with non-church,... Indians, in particular the Utes, onto reservations Correct Word Every time Mormon, was murdered name of history. The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in 1836 way, quiz... Of a religious group who practised a type of Christianity has offered free history and science articles keep... Were apprehended on accusations Mormons to this Day maintain were groundless and the church finally condemned that arrangement. To oppose the Mormon priesthood look toward the establishment of a religious group called the `... Salt Lake valley in 1847 ditch ; we raise bigger on our land at Haun ` s organization is held. N. 1 June 1845 the leader of the church the Book of Mormon, was issued in 1830 as Nephi. Mormon ditch ; we raise bigger on our land great Basin in the `` Massacre Haun... Day maintain were groundless by [ brigham Young became the state ` s city! The church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890 know why things happened, how that today... And some of his associates were apprehended on accusations Mormons to this maintain...