During this time he hoped to gather more troops, especially cavalry, and better train his new army. The battle's outcome is now generally seen in Poland as a very costly victory for the Soviets and their Polish allies. The Prussians under General Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher and Russians under General Peter Wittgenstein, retreating after their defeat at Lützen were attacked by French forces under Napoleon. Polish historiography during the People's Republic of Poland portrayed the battle as difficult, but victorious. Napoleon was trying re-establish his ascendancy in Germany after his disastrous 1812 Russian campaign; and the Coalition needed to … [4][20][21], By 23 April the German breakthrough reached the Schwarzer Schöps River in the east, and Lohsa, Oppitz and Grossdubrau in the west. Once more Napoleon had to settle for a narrow, pyrrhic victory. Opposing these forces was the 4th Panzer Army under General Fritz-Hubert Gräser, of Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner's Army Group Center. The German operation successfully recaptured Bautzen and its surroundings, which were held until the end of the war. [5] Part of Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front, the Poles operated in the centre of the front, flanked on the right by the 5th Guards Army and on the left by the 7th Mechanized Corps. The 21st of May, The Emperor Napoleon assaulted the fortified positions of the Russo-Prussian army of Wittgenstein and Blücher. [2][9][11][18][18] Major General M. K. Puteiko, commander of the 52nd Army's 254 Rifle Division of the 73rd Rifle Corps was mortally wounded around Bautzen. Major combat began on 21 April 1945 and continued until 26 April although isolated engagements continued to take place until 30 April. [11] Świerczewski was briefly relieved of his command for incompetence. [31] The 21st Panzer Division has also been mentioned in connection with this battle, but the 21st had already moved north as part of reinforcements provided by the 4th Panzer Army to the 9th Army. [2][9] The headquarters of the 5th Division, defended only by sapper and training battalions, came under attack. Several remaining pockets of resistance in the town were cleared during the next days. The battle was one of … It received orders to retreat on 26 April. [12] Several units of the Polish Second Army found themselves surrounded. [2][12], In modern Polish historiography the battle's outcome is seen as a victory, if a very costly one, for the Polish and Soviet troops. A hastily assembled Polish counterattack was not successful and most of Bautzen was then recaptured after several days of bloody house-to-house combat. The assessments of Polish historian Kormonicki,[8] German general von Ahlfen, and Polish historian Grzelak all support the order of battle not including the 21st and 10th SS Divisions. According to one historian the Battle of Bautzen was one of the Polish Army's bloodiest battles. For the battle of the Napoleonic Wars see, Bautzen, Germany and surrounding rural areas. BAUTZEN 1813 (WHC 2017). The battle was fought in the town of Bautzen (Polish language: Budziszyn [2] The quality of the officer corps has also been questioned. b ^ Wawer and Solak assert that the 2nd SS Panzer Division was also present in the battle. Fighting on the following day, the 21 May, was again hard and after several hours of setbacks, renewed French attacks began to gain momentum. Napoleon had planned to pin down his enemies to their lines on the first day and then trap them with Ney's troops the following day when they arrived. French victory. [17] The Germans drove in between the Polish Second Army and the Soviet 52nd Army around Bautzen, some 40 kilometers (25 mi) north-east of Dresden and 25 kilometers (16 mi) west of Görlitz, sweeping the Soviet units of the 48th Rifle Corps, and driving towards Spremberg. Following Napoleon’s victory at Lützen on 2 May 1813 Prince Ludwig Pyotr Wittgenstein’s Russo-Prussian army retreated to Bautzen, where it was reinforced by 13,000 Russians commanded by Prince Mikhail Barclay de Tolly. The battle of Lützen (2 May 1813) was Napoleon's first victory during the Spring campaign of 1813 (War of Liberation), but he was unable to take full advantage of his victory, and the Prussians and Russians were able to escape east with their armies largely intact.. At the start of the War of Liberation the Allies had advanced west in two main columns. SS Panzer-Division "Frundsberg" - Lexikon der Wehrmacht (Encyclopedia of the Wehrmacht)", http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gliederungen/PanzerdivisionenSS/10SSPD-R.htm, http://books.google.com/books?id=7Ff065RmrAsC&pg=PA40, http://books.google.com/books?id=c52tNnBdk7QC&pg=PA182, http://books.google.com/books?id=6UaU6ZLqK4UC&pg=PA591, http://books.google.com/books?id=l5aGjQbzkiYC&pg=PA180, "Gedenken an Kriegsgräuel von Niederkaina - Bautzner Anzeiger (Remembrance of the wartime atrocities of Niederkaina)", http://www.bautzen-anzeiger.de/bautzen/gesellschaft/6794_gedenken-an-kriegsgraeuel-von-niederkaina.html, http://books.google.com/books?id=Bg8drRyDGhEC&pg=PA395, "Budziszyn 1945 –zapomniana bitwa (Forgotten Battle)", http://classic-web.archive.org/web/20070311005707/http://www.myslpolska.icenter.pl/index.php?menu=historia&nr=2005050114473, http://books.google.com/books?id=vpq1AAAAIAAJ, http://books.google.com/books?id=p-ZJAAAAIAAJ, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bautzen_(1945)?oldid=4422857, Saxony articles missing geocoordinate data. 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